As a grammatical category, **Numerals** is not merely a semantic grouping of number terms, but is more generally a
grouping of terms indicating quantity or degree that have similar syntactic behaviors.

At first glance, semantic numbers can function syntactically like adjectives; in that sense, it could be said
that they belong to the **Adjective** grammatical category.

However, as a grammatical category, **Numerals** are defined by their ability to instantiate
the so-called **counting structure** (**هيكل العدّ**). Although all these terms are classified only as **Numerals**
for simplicity, it should be kept in mind that they are always viably **Adjectives** as well.

Although this structure is referred to as defining of **Numerals**, **elative adjectives** — like semantic **numerals**
— may be used both as **attributive adjectives** & as the head term of the **counting structure** as well.
Since they share all the features of semantic **numerals**, **elative adjectives** are likewise classified as
**Numerals** — keeping in mind that all **Numerals** are always viably **Adjectives** as well.

In one sense, **elative adjectives** are a type of **ordinal number**; while the canonical **ordinal
numbers** refer to an endpoint in a numerical sequence (e.g. "the fifth"), **elative adjectives** have
their endpoint in a
qualitative maximum (e.g. "the smartest").

Although the number of non-compound numbers is
finite, the grammatical category of **Numerals** is considered an open category insofar as it contains the **elative**
forms of all **Adjectives**.

# Numbers

**Cardinal Numbers** may be grouped in the following sets:

**1**–**10****11**–**19**- multiples of
**10**(i.e.**20**,**30**...**90**) **صفر**("zero"),**ميّة**("hundred"),**ألف**("thousand") &**مليون**("million")

Alongside all terms ending in **ة (-e)**, the sets of **3-10** & **11-19** are the only terms in
Palestinian Arabic with **construct forms**. Meanwhile,
**واحد (wāħad)** & **ثنين (tnēn)** are the only two numbers with **gendered forms** rather than **construct
forms**.

All other cardinal numbers are built from these sets & are thus not indexed independently.

**Ordinal Numbers** are limited only to the first ten positions, with an additional term for the final
position; there is no productive way to form higher ordinals.

# Adjectives

Although the **elative** forms of all **Adjectives** fall within this category, they are not
individually recorded as distinct lemmas unless they are not related to any **positive** form — with the
exception of the analytic elativizer **أكتر (ʔaktar)**.