join us!
Adverbs are modifiers that do not have a noun as their referent & hence are not subject to agreement.

Adverbs are a type of modifier (the other being adjectives) that modify anything that is not a noun. Like adjectives, by default they come after that which they modify, but word order is flexible.

بروح
he goes
الأحد
Sunday
بالعادة
usually
he usually goes on Sundays
بالعادة
usually
بروح
he goes
الأحد
Sunday
he usually goes on Sundays

Morphologically, the productive approach to forming adverbs in MSA is using the ـًا ("-an") case ending. Often these terms are viable in the dialect as learned borrowings. However, the productive way of forming adverbs in the dialect is using the بـ ("bi") prefix; many cases of adverb doublets exist.

Prepositions of location that may be used adverbially without a referent are not repeated here.

راح
3P.went
جوّا
inside
he went inside

inventory

Deictic Adverbs

of location
هون
bookmark
here
هناك
bookmark
there
غاد
bookmark
there
of time
هلّأ
bookmark
now
هلقيت
bookmark
now
إسّا
bookmark
now
هسّا
bookmark
now
حاليًّا
bookmark
currently
كمان شويّ
bookmark
in a bit, in a little while
بعدين
bookmark
later, afterwards
اليوم
bookmark
today
الليلة
bookmark
tonight
مبارح
bookmark
yesterday
بكرا
bookmark
tomorrow
لقدّام
bookmark
in the future; moving forward
آخر فترة
bookmark
lately, recently

Modal Adverbs

general
كثير
bookmark
very, really
حبطرش
bookmark
very, really
شويّ
bookmark
slightly; a little, a bit
كمان
bookmark
also, additionally
بسّ
bookmark
but
يمكن
bookmark
maybe, possibly
بجوز
bookmark
maybe, possibly
بلكي
bookmark
maybe, possibly
بركي
bookmark
maybe, possibly
بشكل
bookmark
(adverbializer) in a ... way
بسرعة
bookmark
quickly
بصوت عالي
bookmark
out loud
بالزبط
bookmark
exactly, precisely
بالصدفة
bookmark
by chance, by surprise, coincidentally
ببلاش
bookmark
free; for free
عالفاضي
bookmark
in vain, for nothing
عالآخر
bookmark
totally, completely, absolutely
عالأغلب
bookmark
most likely, most probably
ع طول
bookmark
right away, directly, immediately
طوّالي
bookmark
right away, directly, immediately
قوام
bookmark
right away, directly, immediately
نصّ نصّ
bookmark
so-so
لألله
bookmark
totally; (something is) way ...
بالكثير
bookmark
at most
عالقليلة
bookmark
at least
سوا
bookmark
together
COMING SOON
لوحد
bookmark
by oneself, alone
هيك هيك
bookmark
anyway (i.e. something is already occurring rega...
فعليًّا
bookmark
actually, in reality; (did) indeed
غصبًا عنّـ
bookmark
against (someone's) will, in spite of (someone)
of frequency
دايما
bookmark
always
بالعادة
bookmark
often; usually, normally, regularly
عادةً
bookmark
often; usually, normally, regularly
مرّات
bookmark
sometimes, occasionally
نادرًا
bookmark
rarely, seldom
يا دوب
bookmark
barely, hardly
بالمرّة
bookmark
never
أبدًا
bookmark
never
of time
لهلّأ
bookmark
until now, thus far
لسّا
bookmark
until now, thus far
ع بين
bookmark
while; (during the time) until
COMING SOON
بالأوّل
bookmark
at first, initially; first of all
أوّلًا
bookmark
at first, initially; first of all
أخيرًا
bookmark
finally
فورًا
bookmark
immediately
شويّ شويّ
bookmark
slowly, carefully, little by little
مرّة وحدة
bookmark
all at once, in one go

Other Adverbs

discursive

These Adverbs affect clauses, conveying the speaker's attitude toward the information being conveyed (e.g. uncertainty, surprise) & the internal integrity of that information (e.g. causality, contradiction); they are used interjectionally & their placement is very flexible.

برضو
bookmark
also, additionally
مع هيك
bookmark
even so
عشان هيك
bookmark
that's why
بالعكس
bookmark
on the contrary
للأسف
bookmark
unfortunately
أصلًا
bookmark
originally
خصوصًا
bookmark
especially, particularly
مثلًا
bookmark
for example
فرضًا
bookmark
hypothetically
طبعًا
bookmark
naturally; certainly, of course
فعلًا
bookmark
really, actually, factually
حرفيًّا
bookmark
literally
تقريبًا
bookmark
approximately, about, around
نوعًا ما
bookmark
kind of, sort of
بصراحة
bookmark
honestly
صراحةً
bookmark
honestly
auxiliary

These Adverbs are exclusively used as auxiliaries to modify verbs.

عمّ
bookmark
(continuous aspect auxiliary) currently
عمّالـ
bookmark
(continuous aspect auxiliary) currently
رح
bookmark
(auxiliary) will
حـ
bookmark
(auxiliary) will
interrogative
كيف
bookmark
how
وين
bookmark
where
أيمتى
bookmark
when
ليش
bookmark
why
قدّيش
bookmark
to what extent (i.e. how much, how many, how oft...
أكمّ
bookmark
some, a few